• THE FUTURE OF NSW ANIMAL AGRICULTURE

    26th September 2018

    Questions without notice.

    The Hon. Niall Blair on the future viability of NSW animal agriculture.

    Rural media is reporting that farmers are having serious difficulty sourcing hay for their sheep and cattle due to the ongoing drought. In one instance a farmer accidentally killed his sheep by feeding them excessive amounts of grain in an attempt to make up for the lack of pasture. Alternative feed such as watermelons and potatoes are being offered to feed hungry animals, with serious concerns about nutritional deficiencies, and animal health and welfare. Given that there is no end in sight for this drought, and with climate change indicating more frequent and prolonged droughts, is the Minister’s department preparing a strategy for farmers who will need to abandon animal farming in areas where it will no longer be environmentally or economically viable?

  • THREATENED SPECIES CHILDREN’S ART COMPETITION

    14th September 2017

    Notice of motion.

    THREATENED SPECIES CHILDREN’S ART COMPETITION

    The Hon. MARK PEARSON (10:03): I move:

    (1)That this House commends Forestmedia Network Incorporated for facilitating the 2017  Threatened Species Children’s Art Competitionwhich helps children unleash their artistic creativity while learning about the extinction crisis facing our native plants and animals; and which aims to encourage the next generation of environmental leaders.

    (2)That this House acknowledges that with more than 1,000 species now threatened in New South Wales alone, environmental leaders have never been more needed.

    (3)That this House congratulates the organisers of the event held on Threatened Species Day at Parliament House: Lorraine Bower, Susie Russell, Lindie Ward, Penny Walton, Stephanie Knox, Jenny Ellyard, Jenny Symons and Brigid Dowsett.

    (4)That this House thanks the Hon. Gabrielle Upton, MP, Minister for the Environment, Minister for Heritage, and Minister for Local Government, and Dr Mehreen Faruqi, MLC, for their attendance and contributions to the discussion.

    (5)That this House notes:

    (a)entries to the 2017 competition have grown by 250 per cent, with more than 1,600 children entering, involving 68 schools and 14 other programs;

    (b)the quality of the artistic work was inspiring and it is a testament to the future environmental leaders concerns for the future of our unique threatened species of flora and fauna—a future where they may never be able to see their chosen species in the wild, or see it at all;

    (c)two exhibitions are being held—one at Surry Hills from 9 to 23 September 2017 and one in the open space at the Botanic Garden from 15 to 29 September 2017; and

    (d) that the following schools and children’s programs participated in the competition: Alma Public, Beecroft Public, Ben Venue Public, Blue Mountains Steiner, Booligal Public, Broadwater Public, Brighton Le Sands Public, Burraneer Bay Public, Canley Vale Public, Capa Marks Point Public, Castle Cove Public, Cessnock West Public, Corndale Public, Jerrabomberra Public, John Colet School Belrose, Lawson Public, Lane Cove West Public, Largs Public, Larnook Public, Maribyrnong Primary, Middle Dural Public, Molong Central, Mother Teresa School, Mount Keira Demonstration School, Mullion Creek Public, Murray Farm Public, Murwillumbah public, Neville Bonner Primary; North Wagga Public, Ocean Shores Public, Oxley Park Public, Parramatta North Public, Paxton Public, Peterborough School [SSP], Plunkett Street School, Point Clare Public; Quakers Hill Public, REDinc—In school support, Roseville College, Sherwood Grange Public, St Clair Public, St Mark’s Catholic Primary, St Joseph’s Catholic Primary, St Patrick’s Primary, Sydney Children’s Hospital School, Sylvania Heights Public, Tamworth Public, Telopea Park Public, Tambelin Independent School, The Channon Public, Thomas Acres Public, Waitara Public, Weethalle Public, Westdale Public, West Ryde Public, Young Public, Ultimo children’s program, King George V children’s program The Rocks, Pyrmont children’s program, Crown Street children’s program, Redfern children’s program, Woolloomooloo children’s program, Girls and Boys Brigade holiday program Surry Hills, Girls and Boys Brigade after school program Surry Hills, Naidoc Festival, Art Box Workshops, Class Artz at Woollahra, Clovelly, Paddington, Kensington, Waverley and Randwick schools, Young Artists, and Art Zone-Lake Macquarie City Art Gallery.

    (6)That the House thanks the following supporting organisations and individuals for their considerable contribution to the event and subsequent exhibitions: the Animal Justice Party; the City of Sydney Matching Grants program; Sophie Daniel, Team Leader, Community and Education Programs—Botanic Garden, and Mary Bell, Education Coordinator, School Programs—Botanic Garden; Bren Weatherstone and the ACT Chapter of the Australian Association of Environmental Educators; Victoria Johnstone, Creative Director, Surry Hills Festival; Cassie Tilbrook, Gillian Elliott and the Surry Hills Neighbourhood Centre; Trish, Robyn, Georgia and the Byles Creek Valley Association; Donna Upton and the Capertee Valley Association; Jill; Helen and STEP Inc; Taronga Zoo; Featherdale Wildlife Park; Hoyts; the National Parks Association NSW; the Wilderness Society Sydney; Nature Conservation Trust; WIRES; Humane Society International; Nature Conservation Council NSW; Australian Forests and Climate Alliance; Animals Australia; North Coast Environment Council; South East Coast Regional Council; Nambucca Valley Conservation Association; and Caldera Environment Centre.

    (7)That this House congratulates all the entrants in the competition and makes special note of the 2017 award winners:

    (a)Kevin Yeh, six—first place in the category of five to seven-year-olds;

    (b)Emily Nees, six— second place in the category of five to seven-year-olds;

    (c)Amelia Gutwenger, six—highly commended in the category of five to seven-year-olds;

    (d)Jasper Hartmann, eight—first place in the category of eight– to 10-year-olds;

    (e)Anneliese Gutwenger,10—second place in the category of eight– to 10-year-olds;

    (f)Jaccob Trevisan, 10—highly commended in the category of eight– to 10-year-olds;

    (g)Natalie Barclay, nine—highly commended in the category of eight– to 10-year-olds;

    (h)Claire Camilleri, 11—first place in the category of 11– to 12-year-olds;

    (i)Sarah Chen, 11—second place in the category of 11– to 12-year-olds;

    (j)Sonia Pillai, 11—highly commended in the category of 11– to 12-year-olds;

    (k)Michelle Ciu, nine—first place in the category of Most Unusual Entry;

    (l)Mahli Barnes, nine—second place in the category of Most Unusual Entry;

    (m)Buraneer Bay [Skeleton]—First place in the category of Group Work;

    (n)Art Box Workshops [Lepidopteras]—second place in the category of Group Work [equal];

    (o)Oxley Art Group [Fragile Beauty]—second place in the category of Group Work [equal];

    (p)Art Box Workshops [Rosenberg’s Goanna]—highly commended in the category of Group Work;

    (q)Forrest Public School [Golden Sun Moths]—highly commended in the category of Group Work;

    (r)Jake Fergusen, 11—first place in the category of Best Written Explanation;

    (s)Alyssa Sim, eight—second place in the category of Best Written Explanation; and

    (t)Kieren Kelly, nine—highly commended in the category of Written Expression.

    Motion agreed to.

  • THE CONCEPT OF WILD LAW

    4th April 2017

    Adjournment speech.

    Wild law.

    WILD LAW

    The Hon. MARK PEARSON (18:39): Wild law, also known as Earth jurisprudence, extends the Western understanding of governance, which focuses solely on human interests, to include the concept of governing for the benefit of the whole Earth and its inhabitants. Wild law is Earth-centric rather than anthropocentric. Animals, plants, waterways and ecosystems have intrinsic rights to exist and flourish. New Zealand, Bolivia and India are leading the way in formulating wild law that protects the right of natural systems in perpetuity. Wild law is based on humankind’s most primeval understanding that we share our environment with all living beings, giving and taking in balance. The ancient lore of the Aboriginal peoples ensured that more than 1,000 generations thrived on this island continent without degrading natural ecosystems. However, within 250 years of European colonisation our environment has become severely damaged. Many plants and animals are at the brink of extinction, forests and grasslands are depleted, waterways have been poisoned and our reefs and mangroves are dying. Animal agriculture has polluted our groundwater, eroded our precious soils and destroyed vast tracts of native habitat.

    The Western view of the environment sees an expendable resource for profit and pillage. For the sake of future generations, government must incorporate wild law into our regulatory framework. How do we go about enshrining Earth jurisprudence into our laws? The modern originator of wild law, academic lawyer, Cormac Cullinan, in his “A Manifesto for Earth Justice” proposed that ecosystems be given legal personhood with enforceable legal rights. There is precedence for giving non-humans legal personhood, with corporations being given legal rights to promote commerce and trade. If corporate personhood is required for healthy economies, then why not legal personhood for the protection of natural systems that ensure the very survival of the planet?

    Wild law is in the early stages of evolution as modern legal doctrine. The framework is little more than a philosophical basis for developing legislation, policies and environmental protection, but there are encouraging recent developments. Australia was once a progressive nation. We were at the forefront of the growth of international human rights and the establishment of the United Nations. In the development of wild law, we are nowhere to be seen. Bolivia is world leader in wild law, drawing upon their indigenous concept of Pachamama, which means Mother Earth, in the adoption of their 2009 constitution:

    Pachamama is a living dynamic system made up of the undivided community of all living beings.

    The Bolivian Constitution gives natural systems the right to live, biodiversity, clean water and air. In a landmark agreement between the New Zealand Government and the Iwi, or Maori, people, the Whanganui River was granted legal personhood. The river and tributaries become a single entity—Te Awa Tupua—with legal rights and interests overseen by guardians, including an Iwi elder. Following on from the New Zealand agreement, the High Court in India granted legal personhood to the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, appointing three State officials as guardians. The judges wrote, “Ganga and Yamuna provide spiritual and physical sustenance.” Wild law is the modern practice of an ancient knowledge that seeks to prevent us from wreaking our own destruction. Will we act in time? Our survival depends upon it.

     

     

  • LOSS OF GREEN SPACE FOR ANIMALS

    MEDIA RELEASE

    I congratulate the Total Environment Centre for undertaking their year-long project “SOS Green Spaces” which maps threatened spaces in 70 locations across Sydney with detailed information about local trees, native species, and resident action groups.

    The Baird and now Berejiklian Government is presiding over urban development on steroids.  It will cause the destruction of vital areas of remnant habitat for rare and endangered animals and plants.

    It seems obvious to point out that vegetation clearing in these areas would leads directly to animal deaths through habitat loss and consequent starvation and exposure to predation.  Clearing for development is the single most important factor in the decline of wildlife in the Sydney region.

    stuttering-frog-australia

    We are talking about a bio-region that contains endangered and vulnerable frog species, 54 vulnerable and 14 endangered bird species, 25 vulnerable and 3 endangered mammal species and 11 vulnerable and 2 endangered reptile species.  In the forests of the sandstone plateau at least seven threatened ecological communities, 32 threatened resident animals and 100 threatened plant species are at risk of obliteration through development.

    Unchecked development along coastal green spaces also endangers 15 threatened aquatic animals and 27 threatened seabirds.

    leatherback-turtle

    We must also remember the importance of providing resting, feeding and nesting places for migratory birds that are struggling to survive the loss of habitat as they undertake their journeys around the world.

    Once a green space is gone, it’s gone forever and animals will disappear. It is a shocking legacy for our generation to bequeath to future generations who will rightly condemn our greed and shortsightedness.

    beach-stone-curlew-australia

  • feed lot

    CLIMATE CHANGE INCREASING HEAT STRESS IN CATTLE

    21st February 2017

    Questions without notice.

    Heat stress in cattle.

    ANIMAL WELFARE

    The Hon. MARK PEARSON (16:31): My question is directed to the Hon. Niall Blair, Minister for Primary Industries, Minister for Regional Water, and Minister for Trade and Industry. Given that the New South Wales Government recognises that climate change means that farmers will need to adjust to prolonged periods of high temperatures during the summer months, what steps is the Minister’s department taking to ensure that the recent prolonged suffering and death from heat stress of 40 dairy cattle at Shoalhaven does not become a regular occurrence in our paddocks and cattle and sheep feedlots, in particular where this occurred due to the failure to provide adequate shelter?

    The Hon. NIALL BLAIR (Minister for Primary Industries, Minister for Regional Water, and Minister for Trade and Industry) (16:32): I thank the Hon. Mark Pearson for his question. I am sure that he had a good holiday, like the rest of us. He had plenty of time to fly his drone, no doubt. I hope he is well rested. I hear that he has not yet finished. I thank him for his question. I know that issues in relation to how stock handle extremes of temperature, including heat stress, is something that is managed by a lot of private businesses in our primary industries. In relation to the dairy that the Hon. Mark Pearson spoke about, I will take the question on notice and come back to him with a detailed answer. Given the nature of the question and given the timelines he spoke about, I am sure that there will be ongoing investigation. It would not be helpful for me to make comments while an investigation is being undertaken so I will take the question on notice and come back to him.

    Mr Jeremy Buckingham: Point of order: The question from the Hon. Mark Pearson clearly mentioned climate change, which is a very serious issue and an issue of interest to people across New South Wales as well as honourable members. So far the Minister has not mentioned climate change in his answer. It is pertinent. It is central to this issue, and I would ask that the President direct the Minister to be relevant to the question that was asked.

    The PRESIDENT: Order! Mr Jeremy Buckingham will resume his seat. That is not a point of order by any stretch of the imagination. Mr Jeremy Buckingham should not use points of order as an opportunity to make debating points. The Minister was being generally relevant, and he will be heard in silence.

    The Hon. NIALL BLAIR: Before I take this question on notice and come back to the Hon. Mark Pearson I just make the observation that any person who would use the death of stock like this as some sort of political stunt in this Chamber, as Mr Jeremy Buckingham has just done, is an absolute disgrace. The Hon. Mark Pearson asked about—

    Mr Jeremy Buckingham: You’re a disgrace, mate. People are going to the wall and you won’t even say the words “climate change”. You’re a fool.

    The PRESIDENT: Order! I remind Mr Jeremy Buckingham that it was not my intention to call honourable members to order in this first question time. I ask that Mr Jeremy Buckingham allow the Minister to finish his answer in silence. The Minister has the call.

    The Hon. NIALL BLAIR: We all know that the Hon. Mark Pearson is passionate when it comes to animal welfare. He has asked a genuine question. I was showing the member’s question the respect that it deserved, and I was going through it and answering the substantive part of the question. The stunt that Mr Buckingham has just pulled is something that every member of this House should stand up and condemn him for.

    Mr Jeremy Buckingham: You pulled the stunt, mate.

    The Hon. NIALL BLAIR: To use the death of stock and the loss of livelihood of a primary producer for a political stunt on climate change is nothing but a disgrace. If the rest of his colleagues had the respect to come to question time and to actually sit through this then I am sure they would be absolutely disgusted as well. He is a disgrace—using an unrelated topic to make a point like this.

    Mr Jeremy Buckingham: They are disgusted by you, mate. Thousands of farmers are going to the wall. The Minister is an absolute dinosaur and a fool.

    The PRESIDENT: Order! I will not tolerate Government Ministers, Government members, Opposition members or crossbench members yelling at each other across the table. It is clearly disorderly. It is not something that I will accept. I ask that the Minister direct his answer through the Chair. Does the Minister have anything further to add?

    The Hon. NIALL BLAIR: Getting back to the substantive part of the question, I thank the Hon. Mark Pearson for his question. I will take it on notice and come back to him with as much information as possible in due course.


    28th March 2017

    ANIMAL WELFARE

    In reply tothe Hon. MARK PEARSON (21 February 2017).

    The Hon. NIALL BLAIR (Minister for Primary Industries, Minister for Regional Water, and Minister for Trade and Industry)—The Minister provided the following response:

    The Department of Primary Industries recognises that climate change has the potential to impact on farming and livestock in particular. Advisory material has been prepared by the department and by industry groups and circulated to farmers on the best ways to avoid this situation.

    The department’s Climate Unit currently produces the NSW Seasonal Conditions Report on a monthly basis which is available publicly through the DPI website or via email subscription.

    The report includes information on rainfall, water storages, crops, livestock and other issues. It can help farmers make informed decisions on how they manage operations and prepare for seasonal conditions including heatwaves.

    The department has a representative on the Feedlot Industry Accreditation Committee—the group which oversees and administers the National Feedlot Accreditation Scheme [NFAS], the quality assurance program for the cattle feedlot sector.

    The committee has agreed to a number of requirements for feedlots with respect to heat stress management including the need to:

    •have a Heat Load Action Plan;

    •undertake a specific animal welfare audit every six months (in addition to the annual independent audits of feedlots);

    •undertake regular monitoring of cattle during the summer period; and

    •conduct risk assessments, and to calculate heat stress and accumulated heat load in their cattle for their specific site.

    The committee regularly reviews NFAS, recommends areas for further research and development [R&D] as well as providing advice surrounding the need for industry training and development.

    To this end, the industry has undertaken R&D into the impacts of climate change on the sector and how the industry needs to adapt into the future. Industry has also developed animal welfare specific training and other materials for extension purposes.

    Additionally, the feedlot sector has developed the Katestone forecasting service which enables lot feeders to calculate the heat load risk in their cattle and the accumulated heat load for cattle and the climate specific to their site, several days in advance.

    Katestone enables proactive mitigating measures to be undertaken such as the inclusion of additional water troughs in pens, transferring more heat susceptible cattle to shaded areas and/or changing the ration to reduce metabolic heat generation.

    The dairy industry has also developed a Forecast Service to help dairy operators proactively manage summer heat in their herds. Farmers can register with the Dairy Forecast Service through Dairy Australia, which provides information including temperature, atypical conditions and extended periods of heat load weather.

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